Literature on the subject HME:

  1. Kramp B, Donat M, Dommerich S, Wilhelm Pau H, Podbielski A: Prospective controlled study of microbial colonization of the trachea in tracheotomized and laryngectomized patients with HME (heat and moisture exchanger).  Acta Otolaryngol. 2008 Dec 10:1-9.
  2. Zuur JK, Muller SH, Vincent A, Sinaasappel M, de Jongh FH, Hilgers FJM: Assessment of tracheal temperature and humidity in laryngectomized individuals and the influence of a heat and moisture exchanger on tracheal climate. Head Neck. 2008 Aug;30(8):1072-82
  3. Lannoy D, Décaudin B, Resibois JP, Barrier F, Wierre L, Horrent S, Batt C, Moulront S, Odou P.: Humidification assessment of four heat and moisture exchanger filters according to ISO 9360: 2000 standard. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2008 Feb;27(2):148-53 
  4. Zuur JK, Muller SH, Sinaasappel M, Hart GA, van Zandwijk N, Hilgers FJ: Influence of heat and moisture exchanger respiratory load on transcutaneous oxygenation in laryngectomized individuals: a randomized crossover study. Head Neck. 2007 Dec;29(12):1102-10.
  5. Stevens J: Standards for humidification and filtration devices. Respir Care Clin N Am. 2006 Jun;12(2):203-32.
  6. Rozsasi A, Leiacker R, Fischer Y, Keck T: Influence of passive humidification on respiratory heat loss in tracheotomized patients. Head Neck. 2006 Jul;28(7):609-13.
  7. Zuur JK, Muller SH, de Jongh FH, van Zandwijk N, Hilgers FJ: The physiological rationale of heat and moisture exchangers in post-laryngectomy pulmonary rehabilitation: a review. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2006 Jan;263(1):1-8.
  8. Keck T, Dürr J, Leiacker R, Rettinger G, Rozsasi A: Tracheal climate in laryngectomees after use of a heat and moisture exchanger. Laryngoscope. 2005 Mar;115(3):534-7
  9. Dürr J, Leiacker R, Rettinger G, Keck T: Tracheal conditioning in patients with tracheal stoma, Laryngorhinootologie. 2005 Jan;84(1):24-9.
  10. Ellwanger DL: Effects of HME on aerosol administration, Respir Care. 2004 Dec;49(12):1546
  11. Moerman M, Lawson G, Andry G, Remacle M: The Belgian experience with the cyranose heat moisture exchange filter. A multicentric pilot study of 12 total laryngectomees. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2003 Jul;260(6):301-3.
  12. Verkerke GJ, Geertsema AA, Schutte HK: Airflow resistance of heat and moisture exchange filters with and without a tracheostoma valve. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2002 Apr;111(4):333-7
  13. Rathgeber J, Betker T, Züchner: Measurement of water vapour pressure in the airways of mechanically ventilated patient using different types of humidifiers, K.Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 2001 Sep;36(9):560-5.
  14. Verkerke GJ, Geertsema AA, Schutte HK: Airflow resistance of airflow-regulating devices described by independent coefficients. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001 Jul;110(7 Pt 1):639-45
  15. Nakagawa NK, Macchione M, Petrolino HM, Guimarães ET, King M, Saldiva PH, Lorenzi-Filho G: Effects of a heat and moisture exchanger and a heated humidifier on respiratory mucus in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. Crit Care Med. 2000 Feb;28(2):312-7
  16. Barra Bisinotto FM, Braz JR, Martins RH, Gregório EA, Abud TM: Tracheobronchial consequences of the use of heat and moisture exchangers in dogs. Can J Anaesth. 1999 Sep;46(9):897-903
  17. Wright K: OIG releases compliance guidelines for HME providers. Caring. 1999 Mar;18(3):40.
  18. Branson RD: The effects of inadequate humidity. Respir Care Clin N Am. 1998 Jun;4(2):199-214. Christiansen S, Renzing K, Hirche H, Reidemeister JC: Measurement of the humidity of inspired air in ventilated patients with various humidifer systems. Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 1998 May;33(5):300-5.
  19. Ackerstaff A H, Fuller D, Irvin M, Mccracken E, Gaziano J, Stachowiak L: Multicenter study assessing effects of heat and moisture exchanger use on the respiratory symptoms and voice quality in laryngectomized individuals. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Dec; 129(6): 705-12.
  20. Hilgers FJ, Ackerstaff AH, Van As CJ, Balm AJ, Van den Brekel MW, Tan IB: Development and clinical assessment of a heat and moisture exchanger with a multi-magnet automatical tracheostoma valve (Provox FreeHands HME) for vocal and pulmonary rehabilitation after total Laryngectomy. Acta Otolaryngol. 2003, 123:91-9.
  21. Herranz Gonzales-Botas J, Suarez T, Garcia Carreira B, Martinez Moran A: Experience with the HME-Provox Stomafilter in laryngectomized patients. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Esp. 2001, 52:221-5.
  22. Ackerstaff AH., Hilgers FJM, Meeuwis CA, Knegt PPM, Weenink C: Pulmonary function pre- and postlaryngectomy. Clin Otolaryngol 1999, 24:491-494
  23. Van As CJ, Hilgers FJM, Koopmans-van Beinum FJ, Ackerstaff AH: The influence of stoma occlusion on aspects of tracheoesophageal voice. Acta Otolaryngol 1998, 118:732-738
  24. Ackerstaff AH, Hilgers FJM, Balm AJM, Tan IB: Long-term compliance of laryngectomized patients with a special pulmonary rehabilitation device: Provox® Stomafilter. Laryngoscope 1998, 108:257-260
  25. Grolman W, Blom ED, Branson RD, Schouwenburg RF, Hamaker RC: An efficiency comparison of four heat and moisture exchangers used in the laryngectomized patient. The Laryngoscope 1997, 107:814-820
  26. Balle VH, Rindso L, Thomsen J: Speech Rehabilitation by Provox voice prosthesis combined with heat and moisture exchanger filters. Acta Otolaryngol 1997, Suppl 529:251-253
  27. Hilgers FJM, Balm AJM, Gregor RT: A new heat and moisture exchanger with speech valve (Provox® Stomafilter). Clin Otolaryngol 1996, 21:414-418
  28. McRae D, Young P, Hamilton J, Jones A: Raising airway resistance in Laryngectomees increases tissue oxygen saturation. Clin. Otolaryngol 1996, 21:366-368
  29. Ackerstaff AH, Hilgers FJM, Aaronson NK, Balm AJM, van Zandwijk N: Improvements in respiratory and psychosocial functioning following total laryngectomy by the use of a heat and moisture exchanger. Ann Rhinol Laryngol 1993, 102:878-883
  30. Ackerstaff AH, Hilgers FJM, Balm AJM, van Zandwijk N: Pulmonary function postlaryngectomy and treatment with heat and moisture exchangers. In: Surgery and Prosthetic Voice Restoration after total and subtotal Laryngectomy. J Algaba, editor. Elsevier, Amsterdam-Lausanne-New York-Oxford-Shannon-Tokyo, 1996 pp. 383-390
  31. Ackerstaff AH, Hilgers FJM, Aaronson NK, de Boers MF, Meeuwis CA, Knegt PPM, Spoelstra HAA, van Zandwijk N, Balm AJM: Heat  and moisture exchangers as a treatment option in the post-operative rehabilitation of laryngectomized patients. Clin Otolaryngol 1995, 20:504-509
  32. Ackerstaff AH, Hilgers FJM, Balm AJM, van Zandwijk N: Long-term pulmonary function after total laryngectomy. Clin.Otolaryngol. 1995, 20:547-551
  33. McRae RDR, jones AS, Young P, Hamilton J: Resistance, humidity and temperature of the tracheal airway. Clin.Otolaryngol 1995, 20:355-356
  34. Ackerstaff AH, Souren T, van Zandawijk, Balm AJM, Hilgers FJM: Improvements in the assessment of pulmonary function in laryngectomized patients. Laryngoscope 1993, 103:1391-1394
  35. Hilgers FJM, Aaronson NK, Ackerstaff AH, Schouwenburg PF, van Zandwijk N: The influence of a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) on the respiratory symptoms after total laryngectomy. Clin. Otolaryngol 1991, 16:152-156
  36. Hilgers FJM, Ackerstaff AH, Aaronson NK, Schouwenburg PF, van Zandwijk N: Physical and psychosocial consequences of total laryngectomy. Clin Otolaryngol 1990, 15:421-425
  37. Mercke U, Toremalm NG: Air humidity and mucociliary activity. Ann OtoRhinoLary 1976, 85:32-37
  38. Mercke U: The influence on varying air humidity on mucociliary activity. Acta Otolaryngol 1975, 79:133-139